How did Free Comic Book Day begin?
The comics industry's largest annual event started with ice cream
by John Jackson Miller
Check out Joe Field's video on Free Comic Book Day's origins!
Free Comic Book Day, celebrated the first Saturday in May annually by comics shops since 2002, has become a major happening in stores around the world, and the kickoff not just for the summer but most of the comic book year for many publishers. Beyond that, it has inspired similar events in other hobbies. Pretty good for an idea that began with a suggestion from a retailer in a trade magazine!
There had long been hopes for an equivalent to the milk marketing board in comics — some kind of advertising council — over the years, including a publisher-and-distributor attempt in the mid-1990s that met several times but never generated much of anything before it vanished in the industry's collapse that decade. The idea for Free Comic Book Day, by contrast, came from the retail sector — or, rather, from a retailer: Joe Field, owner of Flying Colors Comics in California.
I had signed Joe on in the late 1990s as a monthly columnist for Comics & Games Retailermagazine, a trade publication that went for free each month to most of the comics shops in North America. Like the other columnists, Joe's contributions ranged from commentary on retail issues to practical advice — and in June 2001, just as the comics industry was beginning to emerge from the disaster of the 1990s, Joe advised us he had a special column on the way, along with something unusual: an instantaneous response from the Powers That Be being addressed.
In "The Power of Free" — click the images to enlarge the article, reprinted here with permission — Joe spoke of how Baskin-Robbins had held its annual Free Scoop Night on May 2, 2001. The event resulted, he wrote, in the ice cream store near his shop moving 1,300 scoops in four hours, meaning that's how many patrons came through the door. Joe wrote that he'd suggested a national comics "open house" event to Diamond Comic Distributors in 1997; now, he thought, the key element to add would be giveaway comics.
Giveaway comics were a major source of new readers for the comics industry over its history, from the March of Comics issues given away at shoe stores to the Big Boy comics long distributed in restaurants. I've done a lot of research into those and several other giveaway lines over the years — and it's plain that many of the people who learned to read comics (and, odd as it sounds, the storytelling language of comics is something one does have to learn to read) learned it from ones they got for free. Most of those comics went completely away in the 1980s and 1990s. Joe's suggestion in the article was that publishers could create sampler comics for their different lines — "just as Baskin-Robbins has 31 flavors of ice cream... a selection of samplers available from different publishers would allow stores to better cover the disparate tastes of those who'll show up."
Joe suggested a variety of steps that could be taken by publishers, retailers, and creators. You can see from the article that many of those ideas, relating to the production and distribution of the samplers, were pretty close to what was eventually adopted. You can also shows the sidebar response we ran from Diamond's Roger Fletcher, embracing the idea and promising to solicit retailer interest in the idea.
And it happened. The first Free Comic Book Day was on May 4 of the following year — right after the release of Spider-Man, and a year and two days after the Baskin-Robbins event that Joe said provided the partial inspiration. The magazine followed the progress of the event, and was happy to be associated — our Maggie Thompson attended many of the FCBD board meetings as an advisor. But it all came from Joe — and Diamond and the major publishers' evident agreement that, as he had written, 2001 was the beginning of a turnaround for comics, a new opportunity. "There's a strong sense among many retailers with whom I've spoken that we're definitely experiencing a resurgence of sales and customers," he wrote. "A promotion like this could be the calling card we need to give our market strong forward momentum."
That it did. After the break, the event spreads far and wide...
Free Comic Book Day: The Legacy
A few years later, both the sportscard and gaming hobbies put together similar events, organizers citing the FCBD experience as a positive reason to go forward. The event has also inspired similar events in other product areas; Record Store Day, launched in 2007, was directly inspired by Free Comic Book Day. And on Sept. 27, 2018, Free Comic Book Day was the subject of a question and answer on Jeopardy!
Free Comic Book Day continues, annually — and now has been joined by additional themed days launched for comics shops in Halloween ComicFest and Local Comic Shop Day. (A "National Comic Book Day" in September is of no relation; it just appeared online one year. Its origins are unknown.)
Lots of free comics are on offer every year. Participating stores and their events can be found on the official website. If your local comic shop is not listed, give them a call for a complete list of events and signings.
In 2020, Free Comic Book Day was postponed by Diamond in response to the COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic. Since not all stores were able to reopen at the same time, Diamond later decided to change the event for 2020 to Free Comic Book Summer, running from July 15 to Sept. 9. Shops received five to six of the related titles weekly in the period for distribution as they saw fit.